Free Traffic vs Gatekeeper Traffic
Usually I prefer to speak about visitors not traffic as in people visiting your site. Why? The term traffic is too fuzzy.
It fails to really explain what is going on on the Web. It’s a misleading metaphor when it comes to your site in particular.
It’s also dehumanizing. You treat people like an amorphous mass. You don’t see actual individuals. You only see often meaningless numbers to stroke your ego.
To be able to find some common ground I have to make an exception and to speak about Internet traffic this time as I would accept this word.
The Myth of Free Google Traffic Dissected
Today I will speak about traffic for the sake of simplicity in order to dispel a common myth I encounter frequently, the myth about free traffic from Google.
Most people talk about free traffic and mean free as in free beer, not free press.
I mean both free as in no money spent and free as in unobstructed by an outside entity.
Many people assume that search engine optimization is about free traffic while paid traffic is about buying ads on Google and elsewhere.
Free (as in unpaid) traffic is a myth by itself. It costs a lot of money to push a site in organic search results unless you do everything yourself but then still it costs a lot of effort.
You could earn money from client work during that amount of time. Thus it isn’t free either. That’s obvious though, isn’t it? It does cost work.
Let’s assume that you are the #1 super SEO guru so that you don’t need much time to achieve top rankings for your websites on Google.
The Google Gates
Then your traffic is still not free. It’s gatekeeper traffic. There is a gate you have to pass. You are not free to choose which gate you pass and how.
Someone else decides on your behalf. You can only optimize according to the gatekeeper’s rules so that you get a better position while waiting in line at the gates to be let through.
Likewise your visitors have to cross the gate and are left through by the gatekeeper Google. Google looks at
- who they are
- where they live
- what they want
and then decides which gate and direction to send them too. So that a teenager from the US searching for Madonna will not see the same results an elderly person from Ireland.
Google is looking at your search history, both the recent one and also the overall
- pages you have visited
- your social media shares
- your engagement on Google+
- your online relationships.
It’s often helpful to have Google decide for you but it may be annoying in other cases.
That’s not the point of this article though. The point is simply that you have to understand that Google traffic is by no means free, not even the so called organic traffic coming from search and not ads.
The line is also increasingly blurring. Google displays fewer and fewer organic results and more and more ads.
Some of them are barely distinguishable from real results, especially in case when there are no organic results above the fold (without scrolling) visible.
Really Free Traffic
Where’s the real free traffic? This is the next question to answer. How do we ensure that people can reach our site without having to click ads or to get obstructed by gatekeepers?
Google is not the only gatekeeper. Facebook is a walled garden type of service that is also a gated online community.
Most social sites are also to some extent limiting.
Some old school social sites like Reddit still consider business usage spam as long as you don’t buy ads. Organic reach is only for private use there.
Instead modern social networking and content sharing platforms like Twitter encourage business usage as long as they earn money with it:
None of these sites offers free traffic either. All of these services are middlemen you want to cut or gatekeepers.
Gatekeeper traffic is always risky, such services might
- close down
- get neglected
- demand payment
one day. Thus all your time investment in building an audience there results in a huge loss.
You want to make sure to get traffic directly, from sites you control or at least have direct influence on. Sites like
- niche social news communities (like Product Hunt)
- q&a sites
- feedback communities (like UserVoice)
Above all direct traffic without any proxies is the best. Thus when someone
- bookmarks your site
- subscribes to it
- types in your address
or brand into address bar of their browser you have won. The traffic is then both free for you and for the visitors.
There is no additional cost for the traffic when you have an audience waiting for your content.
The only effort needed is to publish new content regularly then. It can also act freely independently of third parties.
* Creative Commons image by Josh Lloyd